A BATTLE AGAINST COUGHING CLOUDS – HOMEOPATHY FOR PETS

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Pet Fever remedy

1,2,3… Sneeze!

We’ve all been there, where we forget what we were doing to focus on the sneeze which is on its way out! Coughing and sneezing are very natural mechanisms to get the irritant out of our respiratory system. In fact, our dear pets too face the coughing sneezing dilemma! The occasional cough in an otherwise healthy dog is usually nothing serious. But just like us, when a dog’s coughing becomes a constant or recurrent problem it can be a sign of serious illness.

But what exactly happens during coughing? What is happening? Why is my pet coughing? If you have such questions, read more below about Coughing:

WHAT IS COUGHING?

A cough, also medically termed as ‘tussis’, is a voluntary or involuntary act that clears the throat and respiratory or the breathing passage of foreign agents such as microbes, pollutants, irritants, fluids, and mucus.

It is a rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, as a reflex action or deliberate action.

 

WHY IS MY PET COUGHING?

There are many reasons for the coughing mechanism

Let’s classify them for the sake of easy understanding broadly into –

Extra- Respiratory Causes and

Respiratory Causes

Let’s begin by discovering the extra-respiratory causes

Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dogs

EXTRA RESPIRATORY CAUSES OF COUGH

Extra Respiratory essentially means the causes lie apart from the respiratory system. That is, the cause of coughing is not the lungs but something apart from the respiratory system is causing coughing.

  1. THROAT CLEARANCE

Coughing is the main standard method of clearing the throat and trachea. What exactly happens is whenever your pet’s airways become clogged with mucus or foreign particles such as smoke or dust, the body tries to remove it out as quickly as possible through coughing. It is a  reflex reaction that attempts to clear the particles from the tract to make breathing easier.

Usually, this type of coughing is relatively infrequent, however, coughing might continue to increase if the exposure to irritants such as smoke/dust is not removed at the earliest.

It could be noticed that pets, whose owners are chronic cigarette smokers, can also end up coughing.

  1. ASTHMA

One of the causes of coughing could be asthma. Typically, asthmatic coughing involves wheezing, which makes it easy to identify. Dog asthma is an allergic disease. There is some trigger that initiates the ‘Anti-Foreign Body Mechanism’ inside the body. Asthma attacks in dogs are caused by an allergic reaction and often result in airway inflammation. It causes constriction and spasms of the small airways in the lungs. Asthma is usually seen in middle-aged dogs and some young dogs.

However, it’s not a frequent cause of coughing but it’s always better to get your pets diagnosed by a trained veterinarian who will suggest you the line of treatment for the same.

  1. MEDICATION

Some medications can cause coughing, although even this is generally a rare side effect. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors [used to treat high blood pressure and heart conditions] can cause coughing.

However, the coughing stops when the medication is discontinued.

  1. MISCELLANEOUS CONDITIONS

Other conditions that may cause a cough include:

a) Damage to the vocal cords

b) Postnasal drip

c) Serious and life-threatening conditions such as pulmonary embolism or Congestive heart Failure.

Tip – A persistent cough during the evening or night hours indicates heart problems so it’s best to get your pet diagnosed at the earliest for any doubts about the cause of coughing/wheezing.

Now that we have discovered the non-respiratory causes, let’s now focus on the Respiratory Causes of coughing.

Dog Medicine for Osteoarthritis

RESPIRATORY CAUSES

Respiratory Causes of coughing basically involve pathogens that causes irritation in the tract as well as disease progression.

Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites can all infect a dog’s upper respiratory tract, lung tissues, airways, or both airways as well as lung tissues thus, causing the dogs to cough.

Sometimes dogs get bronchitis or pneumonia due to these Bacterias (eg Mycobacterium), Viruses (eg Influenza Virus) and Fungi (eg Aspergillus). Other causes could be because they have inhaled some allergens such as dirt, grass seeds, or food, which can lead to an infection of the airways. In certain rare cases, lung cancer is the diagnosis. However, Your vet will help you to decide the best possible way out by diagnosing the conditions properly. Other major causes of coughing include Distemper Virus, Kennel cough : [Kennel cough is the common name for a honking type canine cough].

WHAT SIGNS SHOULD I LOOK OUT FOR?

Coughing could be because of the influenza virus causing normal seasonal flu to the life-threatening conditions such as CHF or Allergic reaction. It’s best to get your pet diagnosed at the earliest to avoid any future obstacles in the recovery phase.

Keep an eye on –

  • The period of coughing. i.e. whether the cough lasts for a few hours or more than few days, or is worsening as time passes by.
  • Behavioral Aspects- If your pet is depressed or seems extra tired
  • The rise in temperature – Keep an eye on whether they have a fever
  • Anorexia – If your pet has developed anorexia i.e they won’t eat.
  • Concurrent Health Problems- if your pet has some underlying non-diagnosed health problems it could take a toll on your pet’s health adversely.

 

HOW TO DIAGNOSE?

The Diagnosis is generally based on the type of cough, the consistency of it and the time period

If the cough lasts only for a few hours and subsides, then it’s an acute cough

If it lasts for more than a few weeks it may be a chronic cough due to some health issues.

Your veterinarian will diagnose your pet on basis of some tests

  1. BLOOD PANEL

Your Vet may suggest routine blood checkup to rule out or rule in Infections.

A complete blood count test (CBC) gives a clear picture regarding the blood cells and whether there’s an Infection going on in the body

 

  1. X-RAY

X-Ray is an extremely handy diagnostic tool as it can check the lung patterns and even the heart for any lesion which may cause coughing in your pets

 

  1. History

Based on the history of signs and symptoms that your pet may be exhibiting, a good diagnosis can be made. Diagnosis is based partly on history as well! Hence it’s essential that you give the proper and complete history of the signs that your pet exhibits.

Ie. If with coughing you notice any other signs and symptoms and if there are any other concerns, which you may have, should be promptly expressed to your Vet.

 

TREATMENT PROTOCOL

Treatment is based on diagnosing, thus diagnosis is key.

If your pet has coughing due to Respiratory causes your Vet may suggest antibiotics, fluids, and other such medicines for your pet.

In cases of other reasons such as allergies, the coughing generally subsides when the causative irritant is removed (like pollen/cigarette or vehicle smoke, etc)

On the other hand, for coughing caused due to heart problems, the treatment protocol is totally different and focuses primarily on resolving the heart disease to subsequently resolve the coughing problem.

Homeopathic Treatment for coughing –

The discomfort of the dog and the helplessness of the pet owners can be addressed with WHEEZ-GO for PET, a Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine to treat Cough & Flu-related symptoms for any reason. WHEEZ-GO for PET, A Unique formulation for respiratory disorders in pets. It is based on the homeopathic principles ie. ”Simillia similibus curanter” Likes to be treated by likes hence one could easily understand that following symptoms of different medicine when available in a case can be cured by these medicines.

Dosage: 20 drops three times a day or as directed by the doctor.

 

Coughing is a normal phenomenon we observe in our day-to-day lives and thus it’s a manageable condition!

However, the root cause should be discovered as quickly as possible to prevent any delays in the recovery period. Thus, along with the conventional treatment as suggested by your vet, WHEEZ GO for pets is a homeopathic drug for coughing due to causes such as influenza or respiratory disorders.

So,

If your dog has a cough due to the flu and is feeling a bit low, check out our amazing product WHEEZ GO!

1529

HOMEOPATHIC VETERINARY MEDICINE FOR INFERTILITY AMONG DAIRY CATTLE

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Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Infertility in general means  degree of reduced /delayed/ irregular desire or ability to mate, capacity to conceive and to nourish an embryo, and finally the power to expel a normal foetus and foetal membranes at the time of parturition.

Dr. Sakshi Sharma, MVSc

In normal reproductive process, the animal has to undergo various aspects-

  • Functional ovaries
  • Development and maturation of follicles
  • Displaying estrus behavior
  • Fertile coitus
  • Timely ovulation
  • The arrest of ova with fimbria of the oviduct
  • Successful conception
  • Tubal journey of zygote
  • Implantation of embryo
  • Development of embryo
  • Development of embryo, fetus and its membranes
  • Successful birth at full term with intact membranes
  • Resumption of cyclicity and restoration of uterine function after parturition.

Any disturbance due to management or disease or the genetic make-up at any stage of these steps may cause infertility.

Forms of infertility

  1. A) Anatomical

Congenital and Acquired

  1. B) Functional

 Anestrus, Cystic Ovarian Degeneration, Repeat Breeding Syndrome

  1. C) Infectious

 Specific and Non-specific

  1. D) Managemental

Nutrition,  Poor Heat Detection, Wrong time/ Faulty Insemination

Anatomical form of infertility

A) Congenital Anomalies

Congenital lesions of the ovaries are rare.

Ovarian agenesis-

It is a rare hereditary condition in which one or both the ovaries are absent and the animal has a poorly developed genital tract. The cyclic behaviour of the animal is absent due to a lack of reproductive hormones.

Ovarian Hypoplasia-

In this condition, one or both the ovaries are small, narrow, spindle-shaped rather than oval and functionless. No cyclicity occurs if both ovaries are involved. This condition arises due to autosomal recessive gene with incomplete penetrance and usually associated with the white coat colour.

Intersexuality (Hermaphrodite)-

In this condition, the animal’s phenotypic sex does not correspond with the gonadal sex or chromosomal sex. The sexuality of the animal is confused by the presence of anatomical structures in both sexes.

A true hermaphrodite has both male and female gonads which may be either separate or combined as ovo-testes.  It has been found in horses, goat, cows and pigs. But it is more common in pigs and goats than in other species.

In a pseudohermaphrodite gonad of one sex i.e., testes or ovaries are present but the remaining part of the reproductive system has parts representing both sexes. It has been observed in pigs, goats and dogs.

Freemartin-

It is distinct from intersexuality. The condition occurs in the female member of the heterosexual twin in which the allanto- chorionic membranes of the twins fuse early during embryonic development as early as 30 days, prior to the development of reproductive organs. This fusion allows the exchange of blood between the twins. It is noted in cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, but not in horses, dogs and cats.

Characteristics of Freemartin-

  • The freemartin is sterile.
  • Gonads vary widely in appearance.
  • Normal to abnormal ovaries.
  • Defective development of the genital tract.
  • The clitoris may be enlarged and a tuft of hair at the vulva is more prominent.
  • The mammary gland remains rudimentary and can be distinguished from normal by 1-2 months.

Segmental aplasia of Mullerian duct/ White heifer disease-

This defect leads to various anomalies of the vagina, cervix, and uterus. It can be sub-fertile or sterile. The ovaries develop normally consequently the animal shows cyclicity. There is a significant level of secretory activity of tubular parts but due to obstruction, these secretions distend the lumen of the reproductive tract. This defect is associated with a single recessive sex-limited gene with linkage to white coat colour and is commonly found in white shorthorn heifers.

Parovarian Cysts-

Around 1 cm in diameter and adjacent to the ovary in the mesosalpinx and may press lumen of the oviduct.

Atresia of the vulva-

The vulva is abnormally small and results in dystocia and requires episiotomy at the time of delivery of foetus.

Cysts of Gartner’s duct-

These ducts are two in number in cow and located beneath the mucosa of the floor of the vagina these are usually difficult to detect. Cystic distension of these ducts may occur due to high levels of estrogen. These cysts may be as big as 5-6 cm in diameter. It rarely causes infertility and can be removed by ablation.

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

B) Acquired Infertility

Ovaro- bursal adhesions-

Adhesions between ovaries and bursa are commonly observed in cattle and buffaloes.  It may vary from partial, which does not involve fallopian tubes to complete which involves ovaries, bursa, and fallopian tubes. Fibrous strands of varying thickness extend from bursa to ovary. This condition may be unilateral or bilateral. The ovulation is hampered if the ovary completely adheres to the bursa. It may cause obstruction of fallopian tube lading to the accumulation of secretion, distension, and thinning of walls. Secondary infections may cause the accumulation of pus.

 The functional form of infertility

It usually affects individual animals in a herd. But in aggregate it constitutes an important cause of infertility. It is related to hormonal disturbance influenced by heredity, diseases, nutrition or stress. When this form of infertility affects a large number of animals in a herd, they frequently reflect some other problem especially nutrition.

The functional form of infertility includes problems like anestrus, subestrus/ silent heat, ovulatory defects like delayed ovulation, anovulation, cystic ovarian degeneration ( COD). COD is reported to be the most common cause of infertility followed by subestrus, anestrus, and anovulation/ delayed ovulation.

  1. A) Anestrus

 True anestrus-

In this condition, the ovaries are quiescent with the absence of cyclic activity. The reason for the failure of normal activity is the insufficient to release or production of reproductive hormones to cause follicular development.

Pathological anestrus-

It is due to persistent corpus luteum (CL) because of a defect in the uterus. If damage to the endometrium occurs, synthesis of PGF2 alpha is blocked and CL lysis does not occur, leading to anestrus. The possible conditions, in this case, could be –

  • Pyometra
  • mummifcitaion of foetus
  • maceration of foetus
  • hydrometra
  • mucometra
  • aplasia of endometrial gland
  • uterus unicornis.

Silent heat-

It occurs more frequently between 60 days or more after calving. Occasionally after partition, a silent heat may follow a normal estrus. The animal may not show heat signs but on close observation, heat signs could be noticed. On rectal examination, the cow shows evidence of having ovulated by the presence of a normal corpus luteum, or occasionally the cow may be in estrum or have just ovulated. So, the animal should be closely observed twice a day for 20-3- minutes or teased by the bull.

B) Ovulatory defects

These defects cause problems in normal ovulation. Ovulation in cows occurs 10-12 hours after the end of the behavioral estrus and 18-26 hours after the ovulatory LH peak. During estrus and after the end of estrus several follicles undergo development but usually one, or occasionally two ovulate, the other follicles regress and degenerate. The defects related to ovulation could be-

Delayed ovulation-

As the name indicates, there is a delay in ovulation. So sperms get aged and the animal becomes cyclic repeat breeder. Diagnosis of this condition is difficult since it requires sequential rectal palpation of the ovaries which might itself interfere with the process of ovulation and may cause a premature rupture. It has been recommended that a diagnosis can be made if the same follicle can be detected in the same ovary on two successive examinations, one at peak estrus and the other 24-36 hours later.

Anovulation-

As the name indicated=s the mature follicle fails to ovulate. It can be associated with those conditions which can predispose to true anestrus. Sometimes the true anestrus is preceded by an anovulatory estrus with the follicle regressing and ova degenerate. Another reason could be the failure of regression of the mature follicle.

Cystic ovarian disease (COD)-

Ovaries are said to be cystic when they contain one or more persistent fluid-filled structures larger than a mature follicle i.e. >2.5 mm in diameter in one or both ovaries.  These cysts persist for at least 10 days. As a result, the normal cyclical activity of the cow is altered and the animal becomes either acyclic or nymphomanic ( excessive sex drive or prolonged behavioral estrus).

The incidences are more in high-yielding cows. Other reasons could be feeding of high protein diets, deficiency of vitamin A in diets, and its incidence is more common during 2nd or 3rd pregnancies.

These cysts could be luteal or follicular in origin.

Luteal cysts are thick-walled, hard inconsistency and the affected animal shows signs of anestrus while the follicular cysts are thin-walled, soft inconsistency and the affected cow always remains in heat.

Repeat breeding-

Repeat breeding syndrome is defined as a condition in which the cows or heifers having regular estrus cycles and appear normal on superficial clinical examination, fail to become pregnant following three or more consecutive breeding. Such a cow is called a repeat breeder cow.

It leads to a long service period and inter calving interval, which is responsible for low milk and calf production resulting in economic loss to dairy farmers. In a repeat breeder cow, the fertilization rate and embryo survival rate are low.

Special care for repeat breeders should be taken off. The use of unsterilized types of equipment should be prohibited to lower to risk of genital infections during artificial insemination. If there is a persistent hymen membrane among heifers, it should be ruptured before inserting an insemination gun. A balanced ratio should be offered to the breedable cows. Trace minerals like copper, cobalt, iron should be given in diet or supplementation to allow better hormone production for healthy reproduction.

Animals in heat should be inseminated with high-quality semen. Double insemination should be preferred in crossbreds. If animals are not bred at the right time it may lead to conception failure. Inseminate indigenous cows according to the A.M.-P.M. rule i.e. if the cow comes in heat in the morning then inseminate the cow in the evening and vice-versa.

The infectious form of infertility

  1. A) Specific infections

It is most attributable to the presence of venereal disease caused by various bacterial, viral, or protozoal organisms which are transmitted to the cows from the infected bulls at the time of natural service or through infectious semen at the time of artificial insemination. These include-

Trichomonas infection

Vibrio infection

Brucella infection

IBR-IPV ( infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis).

  1. B) Non-specific infections

Catarrhal vaginitis and cervicitis –

It is characterized by the profuse non-odorous yellow mucoid discharge from the vulva. The vagina and cervix are hyperaemic and oedematous but there are no gross pustules. The course of the disease lasts for 7 days to three months fertility and conception are lowered.

Endometritis-

A common cause of infertility in dairy animals is due to inflammation of the uterus on account of bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. There is a mucopurulent discharge from the uterus, especially during the estrum, flakes of pus are there. Oestral discharge is often cloudy, milky instead of being clear and translucent.

Factors predisposing uterus to infections are-

  • The wound on the uterus mucosa
  • Dystocia (difficulty in giving birth)
  • Abnormal parturition
  • Prolapsed of the uterus or vagina
  • Abortions
  • Retained placenta
  • Premature birth
  • Uterine inertia
  • Lack of exercise
  • Delayed uterine involution
  • Injury during AI
  • Unhygienic conditions at the time of calving

Pyometra-

It is the accumulation of pus and mucopurulent material in the uterus accompanied by retained CL resulting to failure of the estrum. The quantity of pus varies from 500ml to 10 litres. There is the failure of oestrum in this condition. The pus from the uterus escapes in the anterior of the vagina. It is expelled when the animal lays down or while urinating or defecating. on rectal palpation, the uterine wall is usually felt thickened, flaccid, and atonic.

Pyometra usually develops following-

  • Dystocia
  • Retarded involution of the uterus
  • Abortion
  • Premature birth
  • Twin calving
  • Retained placenta
  • Septic metritis
  • After service from the infected bull (trichomonas)

Mucometra/ Hydrometra-

It is characterized by cystic degeneration of the endometrium and atrophy of the uterine wall with accumulation of thin mucus in the uterus from 30 ml to 5 liters. The persistent hymen may result in locking up the uterine contents. Such cows should not be bred.

Perimetritis /Parametritis-

It is characterized by adhesion between the uterus and broad ligament to the other abdominal organs. It could be due to-

  • Very severe septic metritis
  • Perforation of the uterus due to penetration of the catheter
  • Rupture of the rectum due to rough handling
  • Extrauterine foetus (ectopic pregnancy)
  • Excessive bleeding following nucleation of CL
  • Forcible extraction of retained placenta
  • Diffused peritonitis due to traumatic reticulates.

Uterine abscesses-

They may occur as a sequella to severe metritis, after forcible extraction of retained placenta, injury to the uterine wall due to improper penetration of insemination catheter.

Sclerotic metritis

It may occur due to severe chronic metritis which has resulted in complete destruction of the endometrium. In this case culling of the affected animal is advisable.

Cervicitis-

It is the inflammation of the cervix and is also associated with metritis. It may frequently follow abnormal parturition, abortions, dystocia, and lacerations.

Vaginitis-

It is the inflammation of the vagina. It may be primary or secondary to cervicitis and metritis. Its major causes of occurrence are non-specific infections.

Treatment of infertility with  Homeopathic  Veterinary Medicine

The best possible homeopathic treatment for the condition of infertility among dairy animals is the use of the product Fertisule. The overall response of the product is excellent in the repeat breeding cattle which have no apparent sign of reproductive anomalies. It triggers the endocrine secretions which regulate reproductive behaviour.

Homeopathic Treatment of Infertility in Cow
Homeo Medicine for estrus in cow
Homeopathy in Veterinary
1464

Bovine Mastitis and Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

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Bovine mastitis is the persistent, inflammatory reaction of the udder tissue due to physical trauma or microorganisms infections. Mastitis, a potentially fatal mammary gland infection, is the most common disease in dairy cattle in the United States and worldwide. It is also the most costly disease to the dairy industry. Milk from cows suffering from mastitis has an increased somatic cell count. Prevention and Control of mastitis require consistency in sanitizing the cow barn facilities, proper milking procedure, and segregation of infected animals. Treatment of the disease is usually carried out by penicillin injection in combination with sulphur drug.

Dr. Sakshi Sharma, MVSc, J & K

What is mastitis?

Mastitis refers to the inflammation of milk-secreting tissues or simply the mammary gland. Mastitis occurs when white blood cells (leukocytes) are released into the mammary gland, usually in response to bacteria invading the teat canal or occasionally by chemical, mechanical, or thermal trauma on the udder. Milk-secreting tissue and various ducts throughout the mammary gland are damaged due to toxins released by the bacteria resulting in reduced milk yield and quality.

How to identify mastitis?

This disease can be identified by abnormalities in the udder such as swelling, heat, redness, hardness, or pain (if it is clinical). Other indications of mastitis may be abnormalities in milk such as a watery appearance, flakes, or clots. When infected with sub-clinical mastitis, a cow does not show any visible signs of infection or abnormalities in milk or on the udder.

Mastitis causing bacteria

Bacteria that are known to cause mastitis to include:

These bacteria can be classified as environmental or contagious depending on mode and source of transmission

Type of mastitis

Mastitis may be classified according two different criteria: either according to the clinical symptoms or depending on the mode of transmission.

Clinical symptoms

  • Clinical mastitis
  • Sub-Clinical mastitis
  • per acute mastitis
  • acute mastitis
  • sub acute mastitis
  • chronic mastitis

Mode of transmission

  • Contagious mastitis
  • Environmental mastitis

 

Transmission

Mastitis is most often transmitted by repetitive contact with the milking machine, and through contaminated hands or materials.

Another route is via the oral-to-udder transmission among calves. Feeding calves on milk may introduce some mastitis-causing bacteria strain in the oral cavity of the calf where it will stay dormant until it is transmitted elsewhere. Since grouped calves like to stimulate suckling, they will transmit the bacteria to the udder tissue of their fellow calves. The bacteria will lay dormant in the udder tissue as the calf grows until it begins to lactate. That is when the bacteria activates and causes mastitis. This calls for strict calf management practices to curb this route of transmission.

Effects on milk composition

Mastitis can cause a decline in potassium and an increase in lactoferrin. It also results in decreased casein, the major protein in milk. As most calcium in milk is associated with casein, the disruption of casein synthesis contributes to lowered calcium in milk. The milk protein continues to undergo further deterioration during processing and storage. Milk from cows with mastitis also has a higher somatic cell count. Generally speaking, the higher the somatic cell count, the lower the milk quality.

Serrous exudates from udder in E.coli mastitis (left) and normal milk from a healthy cow (right).

Detection

Cattle affected by mastitis can be detected by examining the udder for inflammation and swelling, or by observing the consistency of the milk, which will often develop clots or change color when a cow is infected.

Another method of detection is the California mastitis test, which is designed to measure the milk’s somatic cell count as a means for detecting inflammation and infection of the udder.

Control

Practices such as good nutrition, proper milking hygiene, and the culling of chronically infected cows can help. Ensuring that cows have clean, dry bedding decreases the risk of infection and transmission. Dairy workers should wear rubber gloves while milking, and machines should be cleaned regularly to decrease the incidence of transmission.

 

Prevention

A good milking routine is vital. This usually consists of applying a pre-milking teat dip or spray, such as an iodine spray, and wiping teats dry prior to milking. The milking machine is then applied. After milking, the teats can be cleaned again to remove any growth medium for bacteria. A post milking product such as iodine-propylene glycol dip is used as a disinfectant and a barrier between the open teat and the bacteria in the air. Mastitis can occur after milking because the teat holes close after 15 minutes if the animal sits in a dirty place with faeces and urine.

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for Bovine Mastitis

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for Mastitis in cow

TEATASULE No. 1 + TEATASULE No. 2

TEATASULE MASTITIS KIT is the best Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for female animals showing signs of acute, sub-acute, and clinical mastitis. TEATASULE MASTITIS KIT is very effective in case of pinkish discoloration of milk, blood clots in the milk, yellowish due to pus in milk, curdling of fresh milk, watery milk, udder hard as stone, funnel-shaped teats in cow and buffalo.

TEATASULE is the pack contains TEATASULE No. 1 bolus and TEATASULE No. 2 bolus, a pack of 4 boluses each that are to be given in the morning and in the evening as mentioned.  TEATASULE course is to be given for 4 to 16 days as per the severity of the case or as directed by the veterinarian.

This unique formulation is brought up by the leading Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine producing company Goel Vet Pharma Pvt Ltd. The company is certified under WHO GMP practices which highlight its hygienic manufacturing facilities. All the available formulations had undergone many clinical and field trials thus gaining trust among many veterinarians and farmers.

Useful links

https://www.vetamit.com/post/homeocare-for-bovine-mastitis

https://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/862

Increasing Livestock Farmers Income Through  Application of Veterinary Homeopathy

https://www.facebook.com/drpawankumarverma/posts/2073275906276960/

https://hindi.krishijagran.com/lekh/animal-husbandry/teatasule-mastitis-kit-is-very-effective-in-thanela-disease/

Homeopathy in Veterinary
1412

THE STORM OF SEPSIS – FAQs, DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF SEPSIS

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Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Bacteria are microscopic microorganisms that cannot be visible to the naked eye but still possess the power to cripple the visible- kind-of big living animals such as Dogs, Cats, and in fact, even humans! It is evident from Historic references, The Great Plague aka The Black Death- a bubonic plague pandemic occurring in Afro-Eurasia from 1346-53 killing millions and this microorganism was in fact a  Bacteria!

And thus, we now know, something so microscopic, so tiny can be so powerful to cause real damage to your pet’s body.

Now that we have our background ready about Bacterias and their Prowess, let’s dive into this Blog which is about Septicemia, Sepsis in the body caused by nasty Bacterias, also we will go through the Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine to treat our pets

WHAT IS SEPTCEMIA?

Septicemia is also commonly called Sepsis. Septicemia word refers to sepsis in blood.

Sepsis occurs when certain bacterial chemicals are released in the bloodstream to fight an infection trigger inflammation throughout the body. Septicemia occurs when a bacterial infection occurring elsewhere in the body, such as the lungs, Uterus, etc., enters the bloodstream. This is an extremely serious and dangerous condition because the bacteria and their toxins can be carried throughout the bloodstream to your entire body. This can trigger a cascade of changes that leads to damage of multiple organ systems, leading to organ failure, sometimes even resulting in death.

This condition is also commonly referred to as

  • Blood Poisoning
  • Septic Fever
Pet Medicine for Septic conditions

THE PHASES OF SEPSIS/SEPTICEMIA –

Broadly we can observe three phases of Sepsis in the body they are –

  1. SEPSIS
  2. SEVERE SEPSIS
  3. SEPTIC SHOCK

Sepsis as a condition progresses from mild to severe to extremely severe and ultimately death if not dealt with aptly and quickly. Thus, quick medical help must be sought out in case of sepsis. Let’s discuss further phases of sepsis.

 

  1. PHASE I – SEPSIS

This is characterized by –

  1. Fever of high grade

Most often, the normal body temperature of Dogs is around 101-102°F, anything above this is termed as pyrexia or fever. Fever usually comes, when there is some sort of bacteria/virus or microorganism to be general which is antigenic in nature (harmful and damaging in nature). Thus, fever can be a clear and good indication that some sort of infection is occurring inside the body, and thus apt diagnostic procedures should be carried out to figure it out!

  1. Tachypnea

Rapid and quick breathing is medically termed as tachypnea.

It is generally observed along with fever or pyrexia. Thus, even a slight abnormal increase in breathing rate or way is to be observed keenly and it could be an indicator of Sepsis.

  1. Increase in heartbeat rate.

With the increase in respiratory rate and fever, on examination by your vet, the heartbeat rate also shows an increase.

 

  1. Confirmed Diagnosis of Infection.

Sepsis is characterized by bacterial infection occurring inside the body of your pets. Sepsis in dogs is generally seen due to active infection caused by bacterias.

The most commonly occurring infections leading to sepsis in severe conditions are –

  1. GI tract Infections – e.g., canine parvoviral enteritis, Hemorrhagic Gastro Enteritis
  2. Respiratory Tract Infection e.g. bacterial pneumonia, pneumococcal Infection, etc.
  3. The chronic urinary-tract disease which is most often than not caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli
  4. Uterine Infections – infections such as pyometra (pus in the uterus), mucometra (mucus in the uterus), endometritis (inflammation of the endometrial walls of the uterus), etc. can also trigger an inflammatory response in the body.
  5. Most often, Gram-negative bacterial infections predominate, with E. coli being the most common isolate observed. However, any bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral organism may cause sepsis.

PHASE II – SEVERE SEPSIS

When the symptoms of sepsis are not properly managed at earlier stages, it leads to a severe septic condition in the body and thus triggering a condition called SIRS (Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome)

The sequence of events leading to sepsis is very complex and not completely understood. However, it’s noted that microbial products e.g. endotoxins from gram-negative bacteria,  exotoxins, peptidoglycans, and from gram-positive bacteria and fungal cell-wall materials induce SIRS- systemic inflammation through activation of immune cells, triggering an immune response.

Symptoms observed are –

  1. Decreased urination.
  2. Depression or changes in mental state.
  3. Low platelet count.
  4. Tachypnea or difficulty in breathing.
  5. Abnormal heart functions.
  6. Unconsciousness and recumbent condition due to weakness
  7. Cyanosis Blueish discoloration of the mucus membranes (Gums)
Dog Homeopathic medicine for Anorexia
  1. PHASE III – SEPTIC SHOCK

Symptoms of septic shock are essentially similar to those of severe sepsis as mentioned above, but they also include an important symptom – a significant drop in blood pressure.

This drop in blood pressure can lead to heart failure, stroke, multiple organ failure, respiratory failure, and ultimately leading to death.

DIAGNOSIS OF SEPSIS

On examination by your veterinarian, your pet may show certain clinical signs and the history which you provide to your vet helps in the formation of a solid Diagnosis. Ensure that you give complete history (whether your pet had any wounds prior, or any Infection, diarrhea vomiting, etc.)

At 1st clinical presentation, your pet may show Hyperdynamic changes i.e. Characterized by Fever, Brick Red mucous membrane, Tachycardia, and Tachypnea. If a certain amount of time has passed, your pet might present clinical signs of Hypodynamic nature i.e. Hypothermia (drop in body temperature), pale mucous membranes, and hypotension.

Your Veterinarian will immediately focus on locating the infection so as to provide apt treatment. Each Bacteria/Virus is different and hence the choice of drugs used for treatment will vary. Thus, proper diagnosis is very essential.

  1. BLOOD PROFILE

CBC (complete blood count), LFT (Liver Function Test), and KFT (Kidney Function Test)

A routine complete blood check would provide a confirmatory diagnosis of infection. Serum biochemistry profile abnormalities may include –  hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, hypoalbuminemia, azotemia, etc. Coagulation abnormalities are also very commonly observed. Anticoagulant proteins are decreased. There may be Blood Acidosis and an increase in Lactate on Blood -Gas Analysis.

  1. USG

Ultrasonography is a very important tool to locate infections in the body. A female dog/cat who has a history of a pseudopregnancy or improper (heat) estrous cycle, your veterinarian will definitely opt for a USG to have a look at the uterus of your pet. Infections of the uterus (Pyometra etc) can be aptly diagnosed. Also, your veterinarian will have a look at Kidneys, Liver, Gall Bladder, Intestines, Stomach to check for any abnormalities in shape/size, any abnormal structures like cancer, polyps, stones, etc. Also, the walls of these internal organs can be properly observed, and thus, USG acts as a support to Blood Analysis for perfect diagnosis.

When Diagnosis is perfect, the treatment protocol is initiated which acts on that particular microorganism causing havoc in your pet’s body.

TREATMENT OF SEPSIS

1] ALLOPATHIC TREATMENT

Treatment is solely based upon the diagnosis. Sometimes your vet may even carry out a Bacterial Culture test to check for the kind of bacteria that is causing infection under a microscope. Based upon that, a perfect Antibiotic choice is made.

The use of appropriate broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents is recommended. Your Veterinarian may suggest Amoxicillin, Cephalosporins, etc based upon the need of the hour.

The treatment also involves – Saline (to ensure that there’s no dehydration), Pain Killers such as NSAIDs, Etc. For some dogs, the administration of colloids and vasopressors (if presented with bradycardia, etc) will be indicated.

In fact, the treatment protocol is not a rigid structure and it solely depends upon the individual patients (ie. How they react to therapy, what kind of drugs do they need, etc)

Additionally, supportive care includes-

  1. Nutritional management
  2. Frequent reassessment of a patient with the apt treatment protocol and
  3. Good nursing care by pet parents is a key aspect in the management of sepsis.

 

2] HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for Sepsis in Pets?

SEPTIGO for pets is the best remedy for treating conditions of sepsis anywhere in the body with exceptional improvement in metritis and pyometra conditions.

Homeopathic remedies work on the principle of “similia similibus curanter” which means “like cures like”, so is SEPTIGO. Hence, such formulations that cause symptoms like a diseased animal in a healthy one are used to prepare this wonder drug formula to be able to treat sepsis for varied reasons. It is a formulation that is developed by a renowned Indian veterinarian after consulting many homeopaths and conducting advanced field trials over the years.

Dosage: 20-25 drops three times in a day or as directed by a veterinarian.

Homeopathic Medicine for Dog & Cat

Sepsis is a crucial condition, bacterias, viruses, and other disease-causing microorganisms are really dangerous, yet they’re not stronger than the will power of your pet and apt treatment protocol of your Vet. Sepsis is a manageable condition, however, apt diagnosis and quicker treatment initiation are very essential. If your pet starts showing the symptoms of sepsis, please ensure that you take proper steps by taking your pet to the nearest vet for proper management of this condition.

 

Let’s quickly Fight Infection, so in the future, there’s no Health Tension!

 

HAPPY PETS FOR A HAPPY YOU!

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THE GURGLES OF INDIGESTION – Diagnosis, Symptoms, Management & Homeopathic Treatment of Indigestion in pets.

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“And again, my pet isn’t eating anything”

“Well, my pet is eating but not much.”

“Just that my pet doesn’t feel good sometimes and is not eating properly”,

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Are you having the same doubts in your mind? Is your pet fussy at times? Does your pet feel anorectic and decides to go on a hunger strike? What is wrong with my pet!

It gets difficult as it is painful for you-the owners to see their pets in distress or discomfort. Well, in that case, your pet might have simple indigestion which could also be due to something as minor as acidity to something as major as a Liver Malfunctioning. Yes, indigestion in the pet is really rather common malfunctioning disorder of the Gastrointestinal tract and with apt diagnosis and management, your pet gets back on track! In this blog, let’s unravel the causes of indigestion, symptoms-signs that your pet might show, and more FAQs and doubts. Let’s dive in!

Tanvi Shendye, Final Year Student, Bombay Veterinary College

WHAT IS INDIGESTION?

Indigestion is also called ‘dyspepsia’ or upset stomach, and Indigestion literally means “digestion malfunctioning”. It is a general term used for upper abdominal discomfort and disorder. Indigestion is not really a disease, but rather some series of symptoms that your pet experiences. Indigestion is often a sign of some underlying problem.

💡 It’s important to note that Indigestion or upper abdominal discomfort can be due to the stomach primarily or the Liver as anatomically Liver organ is also located in the upper abdominal region.

Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dogs

WHAT CAUSES INDIGESTION?

Indigestion primarily occurs due to :

  1. Stomach malfunctioning or disease
  2. Liver diseases
  3. Concurrent infections which may cause Indigestion
  4. Use of medicines that causes dyspepsia

Let’s check these conditions out one by one.

  1. STOMACH MALFUNCTIONING OR DISEASE.

Due to ongoing disease of the stomach or due to simple malfunctioning of the stomach, abdominal discomfort and Indigestion occurs.

  1. Eating the wrong type of food.

Does your pet give you a “puppy eye look” and demand hot spicy masala human food?

Eating human food is not good for the tender stomach of our dogs and cats. As they have different systems and so, the functioning of the stomach differs significantly. Human spicy food items are not good for pets as it may cause acidity or indigestion. Hence it’s essential that the food that you offer to your pets is good for them, healthy, and definitely not loaded with spices and sauces.

  1. Eating food too quickly.

If your pet has a habit of gulping food quickly, eating quickly, it’s likely that your pet might get Indigestion. As food doesn’t get churned efficiently in the mouth, it may cause further problems with digestion. And thus, discomfort and distress occur.

  1. Gastric Acid Build-up and Reflux

Gastric Acid is responsible for the digestion of food that enters the stomach. This acid helps to digest the morsels of food that is chewed by the teeth. Sometimes, this acid is produced in excessive quantity causing distress to the stomach. As we know, anything in excess is poisonous (not good) to the body. Thus, an excessive amount of gastric acid can cause problems such as erosion of the gastric wall or if the sphincter of the stomach is loose, it may lead to gastric reflux causing the acid to enter the esophagus leading to Esophagitis and Esophageal ulcers.

  1. Gastritis

Gastritis means Gastric inflammation or infection of the stomach. Gastritis can occur due to a variety of reasons primary causes being – bacterial infections, viral infections (such as parvovirus in puppies), eating hot food, or eating food that is not good or healthy for pets. Eating spicy food by puppies etc. Also, it’s important to note that gastritis occurs concurrently with Enteritis (inflammation of intestines) and thus, this condition is commonly referred to as –  ‘Gastro-enteritis’. Thus, this condition too causes pain, discomfort, and indigestion as the natural good gut bacterias are destroyed and the intestines/stomach is damaged by pathogenic (disease-causing) bad bacterias.

  1. Over Eating

If your pet is eating too much than required, it will lead to Indigestion. The body has certain limits and capacity till which it can function optimally. Excessive feeding or overeating will definitely lead to Indigestion and stomach upset.

LIVER DISEASES

The liver secretes bile which is important for the digestion process.

Digestion is a complex process and needs all accessory organs to function optimally for best results and proper digestion. If one organ is affected, the entire system gets affected. Thus, If the liver is affected due to some disease-causing pathogens or is having functional problems, it will lead to hampering of the entire digestion process leading to discomfort, pain in the abdomen, Indigestion.

CONCURRENT INFECTIONS

Infection of the esophagus, intestines pancreas or liver will hamper the digestion process. Thus it’s important to rule them out while assessing Indigestion symptoms

Also, anxiety stress may cause Indigestion as the sudden change in environment or food may lead to stress-causing Indigestion and mental shock causing further problems.

USES OF MEDICINES THAT CAUSES DYSPEPSIA

Although, not so common, but certain Medicines such as prednisolone may cause increased chances of acidity or gastric reflux.

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF INDIGESTION TO WATCH OUT FOR?

  1. Burping or gurgling noise from the stomach.

It’s medically termed as borborygmi. You may notice and hear some sounds coming from the stomach which commonly is termed as gurgles or bubble-forming sounds. It is evident of Indigestion.

  1. Vomiting (yellow acid-like) with froth

Sometimes if you notice vomiting (without food) which is generally clear yellow straw colored it may be due to acidity along with white froth (like mucus)

  1. Bad breath

Due to Indigestion, acidity, and vomiting, bad breath ensues.

  1. Anorexia and Loss of appetite

Due to Infection or Indigestion as such, your pet may feel anorectic and would be rather dull ignoring the food.

You can read further about anorexia in pets in our previous blog.

  1. Weight loss

If Indigestion episodes are recurring, the body won’t get proper nutrition or efficient nutrition leading to weakness and loss of weight

  1. Pain (whining or howling)

Indigestion is painful at times and partly due to pain, your pet won’t eat normally and it’s an extremely distressing situation for them.

  1. Inactivity and lethargy.

Your pet may show signs of being dull overall. Isolating itself, sitting laying down, sleeping all day may be few signs you may observe in case of Indigestion.

  1. In severe cases and concurrent infections, fever, diarrhea, etc may also be observed.
  2. Bloating

Bloating refers to excessive gas built up inside the stomach. It may be due to acidity as well as eating food rather quickly. You may notice a bulge in the stomach area as the gas builds up.

  1. Eating leaves or grass

It’s a natural remedy that your dog already knows! By default, dogs eat leaves such as Tulsi or grass when they’re having an upset stomach. It’s a natural instinct and thus, hints towards Indigestion!!

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

HOW TO DIAGNOSE AND MANAGE THIS CONDITION?

Indigestion is rather a common condition affecting pets. However, it is essential to know what is causing this. To get right at the root cause and treat the root cause will lead to better results and efficient recovery.

  1. Your Vet may suggest a routine blood checkup to rule out other Infections

Sometimes the diseases occurring concurrently may mask certain conditions. To learn effectively the cause of Indigestion it’s essential to know whether there are other Infections causing Indigestion or if it’s simply due to acidity. A complete blood count test (CBC) along with LFT (Liver Function Test) is important to rule out liver disorders or parasitic infections, etc.

  1. USG

Ultrasonography is a good tool to diagnose tumors, excessive growth of stomach walls, sloughing of walls (due to excessive gastric acid), ulcers in the stomach or esophageal region, etc.

  1. History

Based on the history of signs and symptoms that your pet may be showing, a good diagnosis can be made. Diagnosis is based partly on history as well! Hence it’s essential that you give the proper and complete history of the signs that your pet exhibits.

MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT :

Based on the apt diagnosis, proper and best treatment and management can be done.

Management protocol involves –

  1. Human food with spices to be strictly forbidden. Your pets should not be allowed to eat food that is spicy with sauces etc.
  2. Regulate food intake- Giving food at properly spaced timings is a good management practice. Adult dogs should be fed twice to thrice a day while puppies should be fed depending on their age (in months). Also, it’s important to feed your pets limited quantity as required by their body (based on growth needs) do not feed excessively or more frequently.
  3. Allopathic Treatment involves antacids (anti-acidity drugs), pro-kinetics (to prevent gastric acid reflux and strengthening the gastric sphincter), antibiotics to cover pathogenic bacterias along saline to cover up fluid loss and dehydration.
Dog Homeopathic Medicine

Homeopathic Treatment of Indigestion in pets –

 

Our product R.BLOATASULE for PETS is effective and efficient in treating bloating, pain, and Indigestion in pets. At times during emergency situation at night when approaching a vet is difficult, you can manage this condition at home till the time you get help from your local veterinarian. R.BLOATASULE for pets is the best remedy for symptoms like indigestion, vomiting, eating of inanimate objects, stomachache, etc. It is the best Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for dogs and cats in cases of uneasiness during nights or when approaching a veterinarian is difficult.

Dosage: 20 drops 3 times a day or as directed by the veterinarian

 

Indigestion is an extremely painful condition for your pets and the management along with treatment is extremely simple and easy. Proper Diagnosis is the Key. Be sure to get your pets checked up by a Veterinarian and explain the entire history of signs, symptoms to your vet properly as it is an important tool in helping your pet as it forms the basic foundation of diagnosis. Our product R. Bloatasule is excellent in the management and treatment of Indigestion in pets along with the conventional medical treatment with allopathy medicines.

Here’s to our pets, Let there be giggles of joy and not gurgles of Indigestion!

Happy Pets for a Happy You!

Homeopathy in Veterinary
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The Urinary Dilemma – FAQ guide on Cystitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Homeopathic Treatment.

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Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Tanvi Shendye, Final Year Student, Bombay Veterinary College.

Does your pet show symptoms of painful urination, frequent urination, straining to urinate, excessive thirst, and /or occasional blood in the urine? There is a chance that your pet might have cystitis or urinary tract infection or both together. Yes, there are certain other conditions as well in which these symptoms may occur, although majorly these symptoms are related to Cystitis and concurrent Urinary Tract Infection. Read more about the cause, symptoms, clinical signs, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis along with treatment and management of Cystitis and UTI in our blog below –

WHAT IS CYSTITIS?

Cystitis word is derived from the Modern Latin word – ‘Cystis’ (meaning: Bladder) and ‘itis’ (meaning: inflammation). Thus, Cystitis means the inflammation or infection of the Urinary Bladder

Inflammation is the condition wherein an organ or tissue becomes irritated, red, swollen. Mostly, the cause of cystitis is a urinary tract infection (UTI). Since the urinary bladder is connected to the Urinary tract, an ascending infection from the urethra or lower urinary tract can cause bladder infection subsequently.

When does a UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) occur?

A UTI happens when a bacteria enter the urethra and bladder and begins to multiply and cause localized infection leading to inflammation of the tissues.

WHAT CAUSES CYSTITIS?

There are number of diseases and conditions that can cause cystitis. The most common cause of cystitis is an infection which is generally caused by bacteria. Bacteria such as Escherichia coli is the most notorious one and is the common cause of Cystitis followed by various other bacterias such as- Proteus, Klebsiella, Pasteurella, Pseudomonas, Corynebacterium, etc. This is termed as BACTERIAL CYSTITIS (since it’s caused by bacteria). Reversibly, these bacterias can and may also cause UTI because of which Cystitis occurs as a secondary infection.

Bacteria enter upwards through the urethral opening. The bacteria can invade and develop when feces/dirt enters the urinary/genital area, or if your dog has some wound in and around the urinary opening, or if your dog’s immune system is weak due to some other concurrent condition or due to lack of proper nutrition. In most cases, E. coli is the bacterium that causes such infections.

Other common causes of Cystitis include –

1. Bladder stones.

2. Stones in the ureter

3. Bladder Tumors

And other common causes of Urinary Tract Infection may include –

1. Chronic glucocorticoids administration

2. Hyperadrenocorticism

3. Kidney disease such as Chronic kidney disease,

4. Diabetes mellitus

Female dogs are more likely to get UTIs than males since the urethral tract of females is shorter as compared to males but male dogs may still get them.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CYSTITIS AND UTIs?

Majorly all symptoms would be related to urination, watch out for these symptoms –

1. Frequent urination

With excessive urination urge, your pet urinates quite frequently than normal.

This is also medically termed as Polyuria.

Accidents at home (loss of control over urination or excessive urge to urinate) or increased frequency in urination may also be related to other causes apart from UTI. The Symptom of polyuria could also  be due to

• Diabetes

• Hypothyroidism

• Cushing’s disease

• Cancer

• Trauma

2. Straining to urinate

There’s excessive straining to urinate. This is medically termed as Stranguria

3. Occasional or frank Blood in urine

This is termed as hematuria and often you would notice blood in the urine. This is an alarming situation and one must contact/visit a veterinarian immediately.

Also, it is to be noted that, blood in urine can be due to stones in the bladder or urethra which on contact with the surface of tissue causes sloughing of tissue and bleeding which mixes with urine hence hematuria.

Also, tumors or polyps inside the bladder can cause this condition.

Poisoning (rodent poison) or Kidney Disease too can cause blood in urine or hematuria.

Again, we should rule out any trauma caused externally (vehicle accidents, etc) which may have damaged your pet’s internal organs.

4. Difficulty in urinating

Yes, this is also a possibility wherein your pet (may have voided urine before) may show signs of squatting again and again and trying to urinate while excessively straining to pass urine.

Apart from UTI, It is important to rule out other causes such as –

•Obstruction (stones, blockage)

• Tumor in the urinary tract

• Trauma

• Spinal Cord Injury

5. Pain

It is observed that there is pain on urination as well as generalized painful condition.

6. Fever

Since there is active infection happening inside the body, there is fever. Fever is a coping mechanism of the body. You can read further about fever in pets in our blog below –

FEVER IN PETS? FAQs, MANAGEMENT, HOMEOPATHIC REMEDY

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

HOW TO DIAGNOSE?

On consulting your Veterinarian, they may run a few tests and carry out certain medical procedures to rule out other causes of these symptoms and rule in Cystitis/UTIs.

1. Blood Test

A routine blood test – CBC (Complete Blood Count Test) along with  LFT (Liver Function Test) and KFT (Kidney Function Test) is carried out to rule out other systemic causes as well as to keep an eye on kidney parameters (such as BUN- blood urea nitrogen, Creatinine, etc) to verify if whether these symptoms are due to Chronic Kidney Disease or Acute Kidney Injury.

2. Radiography (X-Ray)

To check for stones in the bladder or urinary tract, an x-ray is an excellent option as your vet can easily and quickly locate and rule out or rule in Stones.

3. USG (Ultra Sonography)

In USG, Bladder wall thickening, changes in Bladder, tumors, or growth, etc can be verified.

In a bladder infection, there is occasionally sloughing off of the bladder wall with thickening of the internal walls. These can be checked by USG procedure.

4. Urine Analysis.

A urinalysis consists of tests to detect abnormalities in the urine.

Urine culture helps your vet to find out which and what kind of bacterias are causing this issue and subsequently helps them to make the appropriate Antibiotic choice.

TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF CYSTITIS AND UTIs

Treatment is generally cause-based. Depending on whether your pet has Bacterial Cystitis or infection due to some other concurrent infection occurring in the body. Usually, in Diabetes, there is UTI and the treatment involves the management of Diabetes itself and then the UTI resolves itself. Let’s focus primarily on the treatment protocol of Cystitis and bacterial UTI.

1. NSAIDs or Anti-inflammatory Drugs.

Your Vet may suggest anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAID or Steroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs such as meloxicam to alleviate the pain and give temporary relief to your pet.

2. Antibiotics

With appropriate diagnosis and figuring out the bacteria which is causing the inflammatory condition, antibiotics are then chosen based on the bacteria type.

3. Fluid Therapy

If your pet is anorectic (not eating) fluid therapy is offered to ensure that your pet is well hydrated and is getting prompt treatment for the same along with medicines such as Vitamin B complex, etc.

Homeopathic Medicine for Dog & Cat

4. Homeopathic Treatment of Cystitis in Dogs & Cats

Our product CYSTIGO for pets is the best remedy in treating symptoms of painful(dysuria), frequent(polyuria), straining(stranguria) urination,  excessive thirst(polydipsia), blood in the urine(haematuria). It is also very effective in cases of renal calculi and urinary tract infections in pets. Homeopathic remedies work on the principle of “similia similibus curanter” which means “like cures like”, so is our CYSTIGO. Hence, such formulations that cause symptoms like a diseased animal in a healthy one are used to prepare this wonder drug formula to be able to treat urinary tract infections of varied reasons

Dosage:  20 drops 3 times a day or as directed by the doctor

Along with conventional therapy, Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine Cystigo for Pets is an excellent cure for Cystitis and UTIs in pets.

Cystitis and Urinary Tract Infections are extremely important medical conditions and prompt treatment must be given as any negligence may cause major backfires such as Chronic Kidney Disease or systemic infection. On the brighter side, these conditions are easy to diagnose and with prompt treatment, uneventful recovery is possible. However, as vigilant pet parents, it’s up to you to be prompt, aware, and quick in noticing your pet’s change in behavior and noticing the symptoms.

Taking your pet to your vet at the earliest results in quick diagnosis, quicker treatment protocol, and quickest recovery.

HAPPY PETS FOR A HAPPY YOU!

Homeopathy in Veterinary
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IS MY DOG PREGNANT WITHOUT BREEDING? – A SHORT FAQ GUIDE ON PSEUDO-PREGNANCY.

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Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Do you ever wonder the signs that your pet is exhibiting is not natural? Like your female doggo starts showing signs of increased mammary gland size and lactation on physical check-up at your VET? Or they start behaving oddly, protecting toys and being aggressive, and even start nesting (preparing for birth) even though they have not being bred? Does your pet undergo a series of hormonal and behavioral changes that become very evident? 

Then, your pet might be suffering from a condition called pseudo-pregnancy, and your vet might even suggest the same.

Tanvi Shendye, Final Year Student, Bombay Veterinary College.

But what exactly is this pseudo pregnancy condition? How does it unfold? What exactly happens?

We’ve got you covered in this blog. All your doubts and questions are answered in this blog as this blog extensively covers pseudo-pregnancy symptoms, treatment and reasons why it occurs.   Read more right below –

WHAT IS PSEUDOPREGNANCY?

Pseudo pregnancy is the development of signs of pregnancy without the presence of an implanted embryo or foetus.

It’s a common condition in female dogs as compared to female cats. This condition is rather common in 50% of the non-spayed female population.

False pregnancy is also called –

  • phantom pregnancy
  • pseudo-pregnancy
  • pseudocyesis

The female dogs exhibit a display of maternal (mothering) behaviour which is combined with the physical signs of pregnancy following oestrus or heat in a female dog that is not actually pregnant. Also, some females may behave as if parturition has occurred and may start nesting inanimate objects and refusing to eat.

WHEN DOES THIS OCCUR?

Pseudo-pregnancy occurs at the end of diestrus (a phase in oestrus cycle or monthly cycle in female dogs) and is characterized by hyperplasia (increase in size) of the mammary glands, lactation, and behavioural changes even when mating has not occurred (and thus, non-pregnant condition)

WHY DOES PSEUDO-PREGNANCY OCCUR? WHAT HAPPENS EXACTLY?

Hormones are produced by ovaries regardless of pregnancy. In fact, ovaries have a major role in pregnancy (stimulation, maintenance and end of pregnancy) also, in non-pregnant dogs, the regular oestrous cycle is under influence of ovaries! So we know, ovary here is the major reason. Now, these hormones prepare the uterus to receive the foetuses and maintain pregnancy and hence continually produce hormones to maintain this pregnancy until parturition (or the birth of puppies) and then a new set of hormones take over for lactation (milking the young ones)

And when the dog is not pregnant, these hormones will subside after a few weeks to resume the cycle once again. The hormones begin to decline after 4-6 weeks.

However, In pseudo-pregnancy condition, increased levels of circulating hormones cause changes that start mimicking a real pregnancy even though there is no conception and no foetus (pregnancy)

Pet Fever

WATCH OUT FOR SYMPTOMS!

Symptoms of false pregnancy usually begin at around four to eight weeks after the previous heat period and it mimics the symptoms of true pregnancy.

The most common signs of pseudo-pregnancy include :

Hyperplasia of Mammary gland (Enlargement of Mammary Glands)

During pregnancy, the mammary glands increase in size to accommodate and produce milk which will be generally produced for nursing young pups. However, even in pseudo-pregnancy, there is an increase in Mammary Glands’ size. The body undergoes some series of Hormonal Changes which leads to this condition.

The progesterone level falls while prolactin levels increase in concentrations and thus, is associated with this condition.

Production of milk from Mammary Glands.

Like mentioned before, there is an increase in the size of the mammary gland. These glands however may /may not produce milk. And yes, in pseudo-pregnancy both possibilities can occur.

Weight Gain

Due to the hormonal changes happening in the body, there is an increase in the weight of your pet which is very obvious and it’s not related to the amount of intake of food.

Although there might be an increase in appetite or there could be anorexia.

Your furry friend could start eating a lot or, not -a-lot (Anorexia in Pets).

Lethargy

Is your pet is always tired, and appear different? Time to get them checked up! It could be because of many reasons, yes pseudo-pregnancy being one of it.

Behavioural Changes

Now, this condition is all because of hormonal changes and imbalance, there obviously are certain behavioural signs which you can evidently observe –

  • Nesting
  • Mothering behaviour and activity
  • Restlessness
  • lethargy and Decreased interest in physical activity
  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Protecting toys or other small objects.
HOW DO WE TREAT THIS CONDITION?

Mild conditions generally don’t need treatment as they resolve after a certain time on their own.

Spaying

To prevent future cases of hormonal conditions, if the female is not going to be bred or used for breeding purposes and if the owner chooses, the dog should be spayed.

Ovariohysterectomy is recommended to prevent future episodes of Pseudo-Pregnancy and ideally, this condition should never re-occur.

Dog Homeopathic Medicine

Management of Pseudo-pregnancy.

Now, if your pet is showing signs of pseudo-pregnancy, we can always medically manage this condition –

  • Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for Pets

Our product FERTIGO for PET is a homeopathic medicine that works on the principle of “similia similibus curanter” which means “like cures like”

Quality, efficacy, and safety are the utmost priorities of FERTIGO for PET formulation. Such formulations that cause symptoms like a diseased animal in a healthy one are used to prepare this wonder drug formula to be able to treat pseudo-pregnancy or related complaints of varied reasons.

Dosage: 20 drops three times a day or as directed by the doctor.

  • Visit a Veterinarian: Visiting a Veterinarian may be considered to calm the dog if they’re very restless anxious or aggressive and for conventional treatment.
  • Symptomatic relief

As the condition unfolds, the management protocol is similarly offered to depend upon the needs of your pet based upon the signs and symptoms.

Pseudo-pregnancy as a condition is a hormonal one, and thus the management is a little bit tricky, but definitely not impossible. We can always be vigilant as a pet owner and choose what’s best for them. Medical management by homeopathic medicine such as FERTIGO for PET is possible along with the conventional allopathic route.

The best way is for you and your Vet to decide if you want to go for spaying or managing with medicines or breeding your furry friend.

It’s always a choice, that we make for the best of our pets!

Homeopathy in Veterinary
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DITCH THE ITCH – Canine Atopic Dermatitis FAQ guide.

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Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Scratches, Itches, and the hell of hair loss, there often comes a moment when your pet is really irritated and tired of scratching because something on their skin (or maybe inside) keeps bothering them. Is your pet annoyed and itchy? Does it have constant irritation on the skin? Why is this happening, what’s wrong? Let’s find out! In this mini-FAQ guide, we will share with you the causes, effects, and treatment of this vicious cycle of skin irritation.

Tanvi Shendye

Final Year Student, Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai

WHAT IS THIS CONDITION CALLED?

Atopic Dermatitis is a kind of skin disease wherein your pet has flares and periods of constant irritation. They scratch their bodies with their paw vigorously as if something’s bothering them endlessly. More often than not, it is an allergic reaction to allergens (outside particles). Allergy can be due to food or environmental pollutants or dust mites. Dermatitis means Derm – Skin, and itis – inflammation, Dermatitis hence is an inflammation of the skin. The inflammation is due to allergens or bacterias or fungus or due to trauma caused to the skin by constant scratch bites, etc. Also, it could be because of parasites such as ticks fleas and mites.

BUT WHAT EXACTLY CAUSES THIS CONDITION?

The reasons are many, we have shortlisted the main ones for you.

  1. Bacterial Disease

There are N number of bacterias that reside on the surface of our skin, and they’re majorly harmless. They’re known as commensals (they do not cause any damage to the skin) however In conditions such as allergies/Hypothyroidism or flea allergy the immune system gets triggered and reacts with normal skin flora and hence hypersensitivity occurs.

Also In immuno-deficient or compromised pets, bacterial infection occurs concurrently with fungal or yeast infection.

  1. Fungal or Yeast Infection

Due to low immunity, fungal organisms have the ability to attack normal skin and hence cause infection and the same goes for yeast as well.

More often than not, mixed infection is seen. i.e. bacterial and fungal both organisms are present triggering itching and skin allergy.

  1. Allergies

Due to some food allergies or non-specific allergies such as air pollutants or dust mites, dogs may get itchy and get dermatitis.

For example, some dogs may not tolerate wheat and hence if given ‘Rotis’ or flatbread made out of wheat, they start showing Fur loss or itching.

  1. Fleas and Ticks.

The most dreaded parasites, ticks, and fleas are the forerunners in causing itching and pruritus and consequently leading to dermatitis. These ectoparasites dwell on the skin or the fur regions and feed on the blood of the host. Fleas bites and sucks blood while ticks attach to one point. Nevertheless, both these parasites are extremely irritating to the skin of the pets and causes inflammation.

Homeopathic remedy for Dog Skin Problem

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS TO WATCH OUT FOR?

If you wonder what exactly is wrong with my pet, and if they have atopic Dermatitis or not, watch out for the signs!

Most signs develop secondary to self-trauma (excessive itching) and/or due to the presence of secondary bacterial infections.

  1. Constant itching and scratching.

You can’t find any reason why your pet keeps scratching it’s ears or skin. They keep on scratching their paws or their ears or their abdominal region. They often bite the sites of irritation. This causes aggravation of the condition.

Where do they scratch exactly?

  1. Ear Pinna
  2. Armpit area (front legs)
  3. Ventral Abdomen.
  4. They try to bite their back or chest area
  5. Groin area
  6. Thighs and legs
  7. Elbow or Carpal joints
  8. Paws

 

  1. They’re constantly irritated.

They keep on biting their own skin and as if something’s constantly bothering them.

  1. Redness of skin

Due to itching, scratching, and biting the skin gets inflamed and hence the skin appears reddish. This is due to excessive mechanical trauma caused by constant scratching the skin surface. Sometimes due to biting own skin too, redness is seen. Again, this could be because of trauma or because of infectious agents.

  1. Loss of fur

Fur loss is evident as you start observing a lot of fur lying on the ground or on your sofa or bed.

Due to the infection, and again due to scratching, fur loss is observed. And hence you can evidently see the redness of the skin along with excessive loss of fur and scaly appearance of skin.

  1. Smell

Sometimes, the skin which is affected by this infection will start to smell. Reason? Bacterial and Fungal overgrowth and infection.

These organisms when affecting the skin cause damage to the skin and off-odors start emanating from the skin.

  1. Papules

Due to infection, the area can appear swollen (a little bulgy). It is a small, raised, and tender bulge in the skin. It may or may not be painful. Yes, it is due to excessive irritation to the skin layer.

It’s interesting to note that certain breeds are predisposed to Atopic Dermatitis. Few examples are –

  1. Boxers
  2. Lab Retrievers
  3. Lhasa Apso
  4. Shih Tzu
  5. Dalmatian
  6. Golden Retriever

HOW TO DIAGNOSE THIS CONDITION?

It’s a pretty simple task if you start ruling out the probable causes one by one.

  1. Rule out food allergies.

Your vet will guide you the best about this. They will ask you questions such as your pet’s food history and if milk/meat/wheat is causing the irritation.

  1. Rule out ectoparasites

If your pet has fleas or ticks that could be one of the prime reasons for pruritus and itching. The fleas have the nature of biting the skin of animals and sucking blood while ticks have the nature of attachment and sucking blood. Both of which are seriously annoying to pets and can lead to further infection and dermatitis.

  1. Rule out other ectoparasites.

Demodex, Sarcoptes are mites that burrow under the skin and cause massive damage. The condition they cause is called “Mange” and depending upon the causative agent they’re referred to as Demodectic Mange or Sarcoptic Mange.

Your vet will perform a skin scrapping exam to check out the causative organism under the microscope.

  1. Microscopic examination

To find out if the infection is due to fungal or yeast organisms, skim scrapping is again very essential to check out if it’s a fungus or mites that are leading to the skin infection and dermatitis.

Homeopathic Medicine for Dog & Cat

HOW TO TREAT? WHAT IS THE TREATMENT PROTOCOL FOR ATOPIC DERMATITIS?

The treatment of Dermatitis usually takes a few weeks to a few months depending upon the severity of the condition. The smaller or local lesion will take a few weeks or even days to get cured however generalized lesions will take a lot more time!

Patience is the key.

  1. Medicated baths and shampoos

Certain medicinal shampoos containing Benzyl Benzoate or Ketoconazole etc. are effective against various infectious organisms. These drugs in the shampoo act on the skin surface and work effectively against the microorganisms causing the skin disorder.

 

  1. Oral medications

Certain corticosteroid drugs are also effective against itching.

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

Along with the conventional route of medication, our product DERMISULE for pets is the best remedy for dogs suffering from different skin conditions like eczema, allergies, rashes, lesions with hair loss, redness, dry, scaly, pus, or bloody discharge. Specific or general lesions or spots as in Mange disease can also be improved.

Dermatitis is a really awful condition that causes havoc in the lives of pets, but it’s easily manageable if caught early on.

Do not delay if your pet shows symptoms of excessive itching or fur loss or redness. It’s easily treatable with conventional medicine and our amazing product DERMISULE, which manages the skin conditions very effectively and efficiently. Quick action is necessary for quickly treating the skin issue. Dermisule is effective in the apt management of skin conditions. It’s important to note that skin diseases and disorders can quickly spread throughout the body. With patience and vigilance, you as a pet owner can manage this disease with ease.

Let’s Ditch the itch with our product Dermisule, the medicine which works wonders like a fuel!

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Repeat Breeding in Cow : Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

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Repeat Breeding in Cow

Repeat breeding is an expensive hitch at every level of dairy products from small scale to large scale. It affects the profitability of dairy cattle thus increasing the age at first calving in heifers, extending the inter-calving period each time insemination fails and decreasing the calf crop at the last.

Dr Hemlata Telluri, Veterinarian

When a Cow is called a Repeat Breeder?

A cow is called a repeat breeder when it

  1. has failed to conceive even after three or more number of services
  2. has a normal oestrus cycle length
  3. no abnormality in the vaginal discharge
  4. no palpable abnormality in the reproductive tract
  5. has calved at least once before and
  6. less than ten years of age

Why Homeopathy in Veterinary?

One best alternative to expensive, contraindicative, side effect prone allopathic treatment is homeopathy. It works on the principle “the law of similar”. It states that the symptoms or syndromes a substance causes experimentally are those that it may clinically resolve when given in specially prepared very small doses to individuals showing similar symptoms.

Homeopathy is a recently chosen alternative widely used by veterinary medicine around the world in addition to any line of treatment because it has no side effects or contraindications.

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

What are the different types of Repeat Breeders?

An early repeater is an animal in which the most probable event could be either failure of fertilization or early embryonic death. The cows return to heat within 17-24 days after AI.

late repeater is a cow in which heat is observed later than 25 days after AI.

What are the different reasons for the Repeat Breeding condition?

The underlying reasons for a cow becoming a repeat breeder could be many of which anatomical, functional, infectious, and managemental causes are the main.

Anatomical

  • Persistent hymen
  • Cervical problems
  • Ovobursal adhesions
  • Fibrous fallopian tubes
  • Uterine adhesions

Functional

  • Delayed ovulation
  • Anovulation
  • Luteal insufficiency
  • Failure of nidation of the fertilized ovum
  • Deficiency of Progesterone
  • Excess of estrogen

Infectious

  • Specific and non-specific uterine infections associated with fertilization failure or early embryonic mortality
  • Clinical or sub-clinical endometritis
  • Bacterial or mycotic endometritis

Managemental

  • Improper semen handling
  • Faulty AI technique
  • Malnourishment
  • Incorrect AI time
  • Deficiency of energy
  • Aged sperm and ovum
  • Poor hygiene at the time of calving and A.I
  • Poor management and handling of frozen semen or poor quality semen
  • High ambient temperature and humidity, stress.

Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities,

most prevalent in Jersey and Holstein.

Age, higher incidences of repeat breeding is seen in old cows

How to identify a Repeat Breeder?

Diagnosis of repeat breeding itself is a challenging task. Heat record maintenance is a must to find out whether a cow is an early heat repeater or a late heat repeater. Cows that have had three services and are not pregnant should be checked before serving again by a veterinarian.

What are the management tips for cows showing Repeat Breeding conditions?

As there is no single cause that leads to repeat breeding syndrome, the following guidelines are recommended if no specific cause has been identified.

  1. Bringing the animal into positive nutritive balance.
  2. Micronutrients and vitamin supplementation such as Se, Zn, Cu, Mn, and vitamin A, D, and E on a daily basis.
  3. Use of good quality semen having more than 50 percent progressive forward motility.
  4. Insemination of the cow at the right time of the estrum. AI twice at 12 to the 24-hour interval.
  5. Proper AI technique.
  6. After AI, clitoral massage or 100 micrograms of GnRH or 1500 IU of the luteinizing hormone can be administered to stimulate ovulation.
  7. Skip the AI, administer 1 million units of penicillin in saline twice at 12 hours intervals during estrum.
  8. Flushing the uterus with normal saline with moderate pressure to remove cellular debris or mild blocks in oviducts.
  9. Sexual rest for two consecutive cycles and breeding.

Best Homeopathic Remedy available in the market for Repeat Breeding

FERTISULE , a 21 Days Course for Cattle, is one such wonder formulation specially formulated with all the necessary remedies that could relieve the animal from all the known causes of repeat breeding. It can even be recommended in animals where every other alternative has failed.

This unique formulation was brought up by the leading Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine producing company GOEL VET PHARMA PVT. LTD. The company is certified under WHO GMP practices which highlight its hygienic manufacturing facilities. All the available formulations had undergone many clinical and field trials thus gaining trust among many veterinarians and livestock owners all over India.

Homeo Medicine for estrus in cow
Homeopathy in Veterinary
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