Pets, marvellous creatures, always ready to explore and learn more about their surroundings. They are little balls of energy who are always ready to run off to the fields whenever they get an opportunity to do so. Well, running off to the fields is just a phrase, our pets are usually confined to house and at the most house garden, right? Well, we all love our pets regardless of species. Cows, buffaloes, small pet animals such as dogs, cats or birdies, no matter what species, we are all deeply connected to them. As much as we adore them, we care for them. There are many instances of them getting scratched, hurt or getting disturbed by wounds and injuries. Let’s have a closer look at some of the commonly seen wound-injury phenomena!In today’s blog, let us understand more about wounds, their types and healing process as well as preventive care and medicinal support which we can offer them to help recover from wounds and injuries faster!
WHAT ARE WOUNDS?
Wounds are basically injury which cause tear in skin or other body tissues. For today, let us learn more about skin wounds and injuries. For skin, skin is a barrier which protects the internal environment of the body from the external environment and is a rather tough organ which helps in protecting the internal layers of the body. Skin is also termed as the largest organ as it is present literally everywhere on the body! Skin also anchors hair or fur which helps in protecting the body as well as provide insulation to the same. Skin also has certain receptors which helps the brain to detect the sensations of touch, heat, and cold. However, if the continuity of skin is broken or if there is tear, laceration of the skin, we can term it as a wound or injury. Injury is basically any tissue, or cell getting damaged due to some or the other reasons. For superficial skin wounds, trauma to the skin is the major one. Trauma again could be caused due to either physical or chemical agents. Let us break this down further –
TRAUMA DUE TO PHYSICAL AGENTS:
Physical agents refer to wounds and injuries caused by mechanical agents such as rocks, stones, tree branches, twigs, steel wires, etc. there are endless possibilities of getting wounded by such agents. For example,it is not uncommon to find cats getting seriously injured in a cat fight. They may end up getting scratched or bitten by fellow stray cats and dogs. For dogs, they may get bruises and wounds in the similar manner as well. Thus, it is not uncommon for pets to get wounded or bruised.
TRAUMA DUE TO CHEMICAL& BIOLOGICAL AGENTS
Chemical agents such as alkalis and acids can cause burn wounds on skin and pets as well as strays could get wounded by accident. As far as biological agents are concerned viruses such as foot and mouth disease virus manifest itself as vesicles around mouth and foot regions and on bursting of these vesicles, they leave a raw open wound which are particularly extremely painful.
TYPES OF WOUNDS
Wounds can be classified as open or closed type depending upon the type of injury or trauma. For today, let us focus on types of external wounds:
- Lacerations: These types of wounds are caused by tearing of tissues which hve uneven edges. E.g., Injury due to steel wire
- Penetrating Wounds: Deep wounds such as those caused by stab injury or wood stick penetrating body
- Abrasions: These are rather superficial type of wound [on skin] which are not deeper than the epidermis. E.g., Skin abrasions.
- Bite Wounds: Caused by the bite of animal such as snake, dog, etc. immediate medical help is needed.
- Virulent Wounds: Wounds caused by infectious agents such as FMD Virus
WHICH SYMPTOMS CAN I OBSERVE?
While mostly, wounds create a sense of pain and hurt, it is usually invisible as our pets cannot communicate with us directly, there are other signs and symptoms which could be manifested in these forms –
- Localised bleeding
- Area of wound is sensitive to touch
- There is a visible wound which may or may not bleed
- There is weakness, paralysis or function loss in that dependent area
- There might be febrile disturbances observed
- If nerve or local nerve ending are affected, paresis of that region is well observed phenomenon
HOW DOES A WOUND HEAL?
We all know that nature is the biggest teacher and healer, and it is particularly true when it comes to healing wounds. Let us quickly look through the process through which our bodies heal the wounds:
Wound healing is a complex series of interactions between various cell types, mediators etc. there are 4 steps in wound healing process ie.
when there is a tissue injury, the initial response us haemostasis or stopping the bleeding process. This is brought about by platelets a type of cell in our blood which helps in clotting process.
Inflammation increases vascular permeability and recruits certain cells such as neutrophils, monocytes which act as a defense mechanism against the micro-organisms which could be potentially harmful to the body that gained entry via the open wound. There are 5 signs of inflammation, they are-
- Redness in the area
- Pain in the area
- Increased heat in the area
- Swelling in the affected area
- Temporary function loss
3. Proliferation and Remodelling of wound:
There is proliferation of epithelial cells [they form granulation tissue] as well as collagen. Also, new capillary growth occurs in proliferation phase which is followed by remodelling phase where new collagen fibres are rearranged forming an organised structure which increases the tensile strength of the wound.
FAST-TRACKING WOUND HEALING
As mentioned above, wounds can heal naturally on its own with the help of the complex cascade of mechanisms our body has. However, it may take anywhere between three days to a weeks’ time to heal depending upon the type of wound and the level of injury. Thus, we always apply certain anti-bacterial healing creams which helps our body to cope up with the trauma and injury thus, healing the wounds rather quickly. Goheal spray is one such medicine which helps in treating the superficial wounds caused by burns, trauma or FMD- created wounds. GOHEAL SPRAY is the best Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for external use only to treat animal wounds caused due to any injury, FMD, burns, etc. thus, an added aid to nature, Goheal spray helps to fast-track the healing process which means, there is less pain, less hurt and less time required to heal!