Diarrhea in dogs is a very common condition. Most of the time it is self-limiting, while sometimes, it becomes a serious condition, dogs become ill, and require hospitalization to recover.
Dr. Bhaskar Goel, BHMS
Symptoms and Types of diarrhoea in dogs:
- More water in the faeces than normal (softer or lose unformed faeces)
- An increased volume of faeces
- Shooting faeces
- Blood or mucus in the faeces. Eg: Bloody diarrhoea can be due to bacterial, viral, verminous or any other cause.
- Tenesmus i.e., straining to defecate
Other symptoms associated with diarrhoea indicate a more severe condition like:
Vomiting, listlessness, anorexia or in appetite, depression, abdominal pain, fever, weakness, etc.
Diarrhoea may result in the following ways:
It occurs when the concentration of food molecules in the intestine is too high. Water is drawn into the intestine by these excess molecules, causing diarrhoea in dogs.
It occurs when the intestines secrete too much fluid after being exposed to bacteria, toxins, or parasites.
It is described as a slow oozing of blood fluids through ulcers or other cuts in the intestinal tissue layers. This exudation can be mild or very severe.
It refers to the condition where the active bowel movements get inhibited due to some reason. The capability of the intestines to process the ingested food through the peristalsis movements goes wrong. The contraction of the intestinal muscles which facilitate the movement of food for better digestion is known as peristalsis. This can be in both the ways, either decreased motility or increased motility. In both cases, it may affect the health of the dog.
Following factors can be a cause of diarrhoea in dogs:
- Systemic illness: eating garbage or spoiled food, inanimate objects consumption, sudden changes in the diet, etc.
- Drugs and toxins: ingesting foreign bodies (non-food items), intestinal blockage
- Viral or bacterial or parasitic infestation, pancreatitis, hypersensitive digestive tract, etc.
- Stress resulting in diseases like Rickettsia (tick-transmitted disease), Fungal diseases, Addison’s disease, liver diseases, etc.
- Kidney disease
Diagnosis of acute and chronic diarrhoea in Dogs
A veterinarian should perform a complete physical examination of the dog, including a background history of symptoms and possible incidents that might have lead to this condition. A faecal sample should be collected and examined for parasitic infestation. A blood chemical profile, a complete blood count, an electrolyte panel, and a urinalysis has to be performed to rule out other causes of disease. X-rays can help to rule out the possibility of the dog swallowing any inappropriate items, which might be blocking or irritating the intestine. In severe cases, an ultrasound can be very useful in diagnosing intestinal obstructions, peristalsis, hypermotility and pancreatitis. Chronic diarrhoea may require different tests, including cobalamin and folate (vitamins) levels, lipase, and other markers of intestinal functionality. Chronic diarrhoea is treated and managed differently than acute diarrhoea.
Treatment of Acute Diarrhoea in Dogs
If the dog shows only the mild symptoms, it can be treated as an outpatient, but patients with severe dehydration and vomitings should be hospitalized for fluid and electrolyte therapy. Dehydration can be fatal if the dog is not treated for diarrhoea immediately. If the diarrhoea is mild but the dog has any other signs of illness, hospitalization is a must. For those pets with a mild illness, home care includes rest, oral medication, and a blended diet of boiled chicken and white rice. Suggesting for thorough rehydration of the pet at home before the discharge is important. Patients with an obstruction or foreign bodies may require surgery to evaluate the intestine and remove the foreign object. Timely deworming of pets should be the concern of the pet owners to avoid diarrhoea of verminous reason.
Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for Diarrhoea in Dogs
DIASULE for pets is a unique Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine, proved to be effective in treating different types of diarrhea in dogs & cats. Diarrhea of any underlying cause like bacterial, viral, or verminous can be treated by DIASULE. Even bloody diarrhea in PARVO viral infection can be improved.
Homeopathic remedies work on the principle of “similia similibus curanter” which means “like cures like”, so is DIASULE. Hence, such formulations that cause symptoms like a diseased animal in a healthy one are used to prepare this wonder drug formula to be able to treat diarrhea for varied reasons.