Diarrhoea in dogs is very common. Sometimes it is self-limiting, while at other times, dogs become very ill and require hospitalization to recover.
Symptoms and Types of Dog Diarrhoea:
- More water in faeces than normal (softer or unformed faeces)
- An increased volume of faeces
- Faecal accidents
- Blood or mucus in the faeces Bloody diarrhoea (PARVO) Diarrhoea may be due to Bacterial / Viral / Worms or any cause
- Tenesmus ie; Straining to defecate
Symptoms often associated with diarrhoea that can indicate a more severe condition include:
Vomiting – Listlessness – Anorexia (not eating, or eating less) – Depression Abdominal pain – Fever – Weakness
Diarrhoea may result in the following way
Osmotic imbalances occur when the concentration of food molecules in the intestine is too high. Water is drawn into the intestine by the excess molecules, causing diarrhoea in dogs.
Over secretion occurs when the intestine secretes too much fluid after being exposed to bacteria, toxins or parasites.
Intestinal exudation describes a slow oozing of blood fluids through ulcers or other breaks in the intestine’s tissue layers. This exudation can be mild or very severe.
Motility disorders refer to how active the intestine is and its capability of moving contents through it. An intestine that is under-functioning in its ability to muscularly contract and push the contents out of the canal is most common; this condition is referred to as peristalsis. Conversely, motility can be increased as well, so that the intestine contracts too quickly, and fluid which is
normally absorbed is lost into the faeces. Sometimes dog diarrhoea can occur as a result of a combination of these causes. Intestinal infections can also cause the intestine to over secrete. They also tend to change the motility of the intestine.
Following factors can be a cause of dog diarrhoea :
- Systemic illness · Eating garbage, nonfood material or spoiled food – Changes in diet
- Drugs and toxins – Ingesting foreign bodies (nonfood items) – Intestinal blockage
- Viral or bacterial infection · Parasites – Pancreatitis – Hypersensitive digestive tract
- Stress – Rickettsial (tick-transmitted disease) – Fungal · Addison’s disease – Liver disease
- Kidney disease
Diagnosis of Acute Diarrhoea in Dogs
A veterinarian should perform a complete physical examination of dog, including a background history of symptoms and possible incidents that might have precipitated this condition. A faecal sample should be examined for parasites. A blood chemical profile, a complete blood count, an electrolyte panel and a urinalysis has to be performed to rule out other causes of disease. X-rays can help rule out the possibility that dog swallowed inappropriate items, which may be blocking or irritating the intestine. In severe cases, an ultrasound can be very useful in diagnosing intestinal obstructions, peristalsis, hypermotility and pancreatitis. Chronic diarrhoea may warrant different tests, including cobalamin and folate (vitamins) levels, lipase, and other markers of intestinal function. Chronic diarrhoea is treated and managed differently than acute diarrhoea.
Treatment of Acute Diarrhoea in Dogs
If the dog is only mildly ill, may be treated on an outpatient basis, but patients with severe dehydration and/or vomiting should be hospitalized for fluid and electrolyte therapy. Dehydration can quickly become fatal if the dog continues to have diarrhoea. If the diarrhoea is mild but the dog has any other signs of illness, you may also recommend hospitalization. For those pets with a mild illness, at-home care often includes rest, oral medications and a blended diet of boiled chicken and white rice. you may recommend a dose of fluids before sending pet home. Patients with obstruction or foreign bodies may require surgery to evaluate the intestine and remove foreign objects. Be sure to time guidelines for deworming puppies.
Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for Diarrhoea in Dogs
DIASULE for PET is a combination of different homoeopathic medicines which has proven effective in different types of diarrhoea in animals as humans. It is based on homoeopathic principle ie “Similia Simillibus Curanter” Likes to be treated by likes hence one can easily understand that following symptom of different medicine when available in a case can be cured by these medicines.