The Oral Cavity, Teeth, Gums, an intricate part of the digestive system, is, however, also one of the lesser-acknowledged parts of the organ system. Teeth and gums are very essential for survival. However, we tend to ignore or not give enough attention to this system. The reason stays unknown. Did you know just like we humans have various teeth problems, gum inflammation, and decay-related problems, our pets too tend to suffer from various teeth ailments? It is interesting to note that teeth-related problems are comparatively common in pets and are typically manifested as halitosis or bad breath initially. The intricacies of this little system are amazing and astounding. In todays’ blog, let us uncover the world of a buccal cavity or the oral cavity, the problems pertaining to teeth-gums, and some interesting facts about this part of the digestive system.
The Teamwork Of Teeth:
Teeth [Singular- Tooth] is medically defined as the hard, resistant structures which occur on the jaws and in or around the mouth and pharynx areas of vertebrates. [Vertebrate word refers to all the living beings who have a Vertebral Column or spinal cord surrounded by bone or cartilage.] Teeth are extremely essential for survival as it acts as a grinder which allows the food boluses to be broken down into smaller morsels or pieces which ultimately can be easily gulped and digested. Teeth and tongue in harmony act as a good mixer + grinder as it mixes the food particles with saliva [which is again very important for digestive purposes] and grinds the particles into finer particles. With the surface area of food particles being increased due to its’ breakage into pieces, the digestive enzymes can easily act on them to digest them. Larger particles are comparatively difficult to digest and assimilate, also it requires more time to digest as compared to its counterpart.
The teeth as a whole unit work in harmony. There are 4 types of teeth that are found in pets- i] The Incisors, ii] the canines, iii] the premolars, and iv] the molars.
Incisors, as the name suggests, are used for incising the food. [Incising means to cut.] Dogs usually have 3 incisors on each side of the cavity and, in total, 12 Incisor teeth in the entire buccal cavity. Cats, too, have a similar amount of teeth as dogs.
The next bunch of teeth is the canines. The name itself hints towards the family ‘Canidae’ Canidae is the biological family name of canids or dog-like carnivores. This bunch of teeth is extremely important for carnivore-family belonging cats and dogs as they are essentially hunters or carnivorous [meat-eaters] in nature. These teeth have a tearing ability, as they facilitate the carnivores to tear through meat or their prey’s flesh. With years of modern evolution, our dogs and cats have evolved to have canine teeth which are not extreme in nature. Due to domestication, the need for hunting or preying has decreased, and thus, the canine teeth which a lion, a tiger, or a wolf has are much more lethal and are quite different than our pet dogs and cats. Our pets have canines that are not that sharp, all thanks to the history of domestication and evolution. There are 4 canine teeth in dogs and cats.
The Pre-Molars and the Molars are again another bunches of teeth that are helpful in grinding the food boluses into smaller parts. There are around 8 premolars in both the upper and lower jaw. Also, there are around 6 molars in each upper and lower jaw.
All these teeth, although having a different style of arrangement and growth, are essential for optimal chewing, cutting, grinding, and tearing food particles. Thus this is a good example of teamwork exhibited by our teeth.
The Tooth Trouble:
Now that we have our basics clear about various roles and types of teeth let us now look at various health problems our pets’ teeth, gums, and oral cavity might face.
1. Dental Tartar
Dental tartar is something that accumulates on your pets’ teeth when the dental plaque is not removed for a considerably long time, thus hardening to form tartar. Dental plaque is the combination of food debris and bacteria. When teeth are not cleaned regularly or frequently, the food particles end up sticking and accumulating on the canines, molars, premolars and remain stuck there for a long period of time. These stuck pieces of accumulated food particles end up attracting bacterias which makes the situation worse. Thus, dental plaque continues to accumulate and mineralize to transform into calculus or tartar, which is rough and porous and grows above or below the gum-line.
- Halitosis or offensive smell from the mouth
- Yellow- Brown deposit seen on teeth
- It might end up causing gum related infections
- It may cause gingivitis
- It might loosen the tooth and
- Eventually, the affected tooth may be lost permanently.
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
- Remove the plaque as early as possible.
- Use dental dog toothpaste and brush to clean the teeth
- Rub cheek pouch and gums with your fingers or with the soft corner of the brush to ensure overall cleaning
- Dental treats can be used
THIS WILL HELP YOU TO –
- Kill bacteria
- Reduce plaque
- Prevent the formation of tartar in the mouth
- Reduce halitosis
2. Periodontal Diseases: Gingivitis And Periodontitis
If the dental issue of plaque goes unnoticed or if the condition starts aggravating, there is a good chance that it might lead to various periodontal diseases. The progression of disease occurs as follows:
i] There is plaque formation
ii] There are sloughed epithelial cells
iii] Various gram +ve bacterias such as the cocci could be found.
Iv] loosening of tooth and loss of tooth
Periodontal disease is a slow, insidious disease that affects the following parts of the teeth-
- The bone socket
- The alveolus
- The attached gingiva [gums]
- The free gingival margin and
- The periodontal ligament
This disease has 4 stages of progression-
Stage 1: Gingivitis [inflammation of gums] due to plaque formation and lack of home care.
Stage 2: Early Attachment loss, i.e., The tooth may become loose due to the infectious bacteria and subsequent gingivitis.
Stage 3: Moderate Attachment Loss i.e., There is about 25% -30% loosening of the tooth. This is due to the concurrent gingival recession.
Stage 4: Severe Attachment Loss where there is about >50% of loosening of the affected tooth.
SIGNS AND FEATURES:
- Your dog may avoid eating hard foodstuff such as dry dog food.
- There is extreme pain and burning sensation in the tooth
- Formation of abscess in gum or jaw
- There may be weight loss [due to reluctance/avoiding eating food]
- Your pet may avoid getting their face touched as it pains/hurts around the affected tooth area.
THE TREATMENT PROTOCOL INCLUDES –
- Tooth extraction, particularly if the attachment loss is advanced.
- Dental scaling or other related dental procedures if the disease is still in its initial phase.
- Shifting your pet to a liquid or semi-solid food diet for some time until the problems resolve.
- Use of medications in case of an extreme case of inflammation and infection.
The Solution & Care To Keep Teeth Problems At Bay
As mentioned earlier, teeth are extremely important, majorly ignored at times. Teeth are important tools of the digestive system which aids in the process of digestion which we often don’t acknowledge. With problems such as tooth decay, gum-related infection, periodontal diseases, plaque-tartar issue, this process of digestion is adversely hampered. It affects our pets both at the physical and mental levels. It might end up being problematic and painful. To alleviate the pain and suffering, your pet might be subjected to various dental procedures or worse, get their tooth extracted. Prevention is the ultimate key to this problem.
- Ensure you clean your pets’ teeth with pet-toothpaste and toothbrush at least once in two days or daily for better results or as directed by your veterinarian
- Adopt good hygiene practices
- Use of dental treats or chew sticks.
- Use of Me & My ORALS pet supplement
Me & My ORALS pet supplement is a unique pet supplement for dogs to get rid of offensive breath or halitosis. Me & My ORALS pet supplement is useful in case of pets suffering from soft bleeding gums due to gingival diseases or gingivitis, pus draining gums due to abscess formation as a result of bacterias which get attracted towards stuck food debris and plaque, foul breath, gum boils due to heat, toothache and painful sensation, gums sensitive to cold due to increased sensitivity of the teeth, abscess at the root of teeth, and other related dental symptoms.
Teeth are an important, integral, and extremely helpful part of our body. To take care of our pets’ teeth is our duty as vigilant pet parents. Our pets cannot judge between the right and wrongdoings, and so they might end up resisting toothbrushing sessions or any dental care sessions. It is your duty as pet parents to train your furry friend in such a way that they accept and recognize these essential steps taken by you for their dental health.
“With Me & My Orals pet supplement standing on the way,
Say bye to foul breath and tooth decay!”
Me & My ORALS
Me & My ORALS pet supplement is a unique pet supplement for dogs to get rid of offensive breath. Me & My ORALS pet supplement is useful in the case of pets suffering from soft bleeding gums, pus draining gums, foul breath, gum boils, toothache, gums sensitive to a cold, abscess at the root of teeth, and other related symptoms.
Goel Vet Pharma Limited has introduced many pet supplements into the market. Their products are manufactured in FSSAI certified manufacturing facilities with utmost care and hygiene, hence are very effective and flexible for use in field conditions too. With the excellent results in the way these pet supplements work, these are being prescribed by many veterinarians all over India and have succeeded in confident use by pet parents too.