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A Pinch Of Woof And A Dash Of Paw: Pug

Pugs, the dynamic breed that became quite a household name due to it’s appearance in a famous telephone network brand in the mid 2000’s. Thanks to the mass campaign, every young boy and girl wanted a pug as their companion buddy. This rise in the popularity of the pug breed was followed by an increase in demand for buying this breed with a rise in prices and an adoption surge. Even now, to date, pugs continue to be one of the most preferred dog breeds to be adopted as companion animals. Pugs are known for their unique features, the ‘Cute’ Factor and their chubby look. Not only that, pugs are considered to be very friendly, loyal and loving. They have quite a unique physical appearance having a short curled tail and a short muzzle face. Usually they come in fawn coats with square shaped bodies.

Pugs are really an interesting breed of Dog. In today’s blog, let us go behind the scenes and explore the world of pugs.


Origin: China, 400 B.C.

Size: Medium dog breed

Built : Usually on the obese side of not properly maintained/walked/.

Height : Short- Medium

Coat : Fawn coloured coat is quite commonly observed. Other coat colours includes Black colour, Silver fawn colour and apricot colour.

Synonyms: Dutch Bulldog

Type : Companion dog breed.

Temperament: Intelligent, Loyal, Loving, Fun – Loving, Obedient, Friendly.

Mystery History: History Of Pug Breed

Pugs trace their roots back to China and this breed is considered to be an ancient breed of dog. Historical evidence and records pertaining to pugs being kept as companion animals dating back to 400 B.C. have been found. These ancient Chinese pugs were called ‘Lo Sze’.

This breed of dog was bred in the earlier days to signify a particular family’s status symbol as pugs were considered to be dogs for the wealthy and they were quite famous amongst royalties. For sure, pugs are quite charming and loving dogs who sure do make their owners feel like royalty! Apart from royalty, pugs were kept in monasteries as companions for the monks as well as guards to protect the monastery.

 Did you know: Chinese breeders purposely bred pugs in a certain way such that they will have wrinkled faces?

The aim behind this was to create a certain pattern on their foreheads which resembled the chinese character for ‘prince’. (王).

 The name and fame of Pugs spread rapidly like wildfire. Originating in China, the popularity of pugs spread wide across continents, spanning many nations and ultimately found it’s way into Europe where they found a way to the royal court. Numerous monarch’s kept pugs as companion animal, for instance, Queen Victoria of England. Pugs were a favourite breed of Queen Victoria, and it is said that she owned as many as 38 during her reign.

Afterall, pugs are quite versatile. With their small size, charming look and good temperament, this breed of dog became a household name.

Challenges And Moving Mountains.

Pugs as a breed can face certain challenges which are faced by them due to either their genetics or the environment they are subjected to. More often than not, pugs usually encounter dermal or skin related diseases mostly owing to the folds of skin on their face.

Scratches, itches and there goes the fur!

Pets usually scratch themselves when something is bothering them endlessly. On deeper inspection the culprit could be caught easily. Pugs owing to their skin folds can acquire dermal infections easily. In case your pet has moisture accumulating in the folds (could be due to a bath without proper drying protocols or any odd reason) there’s a good enough chance that your pet might end up with a nasty fungal infection, which can again spread rapidly to other parts of the body. Let us have a look at skin trouble and how we can ditch the itch!

Dermatitis is a broad term that essentially refers to inflammation of the skin. Inflammation could be due to any infectious agent for instance bacteria, viruses, or fungi or it could be due to environmental changes such as monsoon season or improper drying and cleaning of the folds of the skin post bathing. Other possible causes of Dermatitis include allergic reactions to foreign allergens, referred to as atopic dermatitis.

Did you know : Ticks and Fleas can also trigger inflammation and itching due to their biting action.

 Ticks on the one hand are those arthropods that stick to the skin of your pet and nourish themselves through blood. Fleas are the ones that are black in colour, and that run fast having biting action. Of course they harbour various other diseases, but they also cause a lot of inflammatory reactions and itching.

Usually, our skin harbours a good enough number of bacteria. Let’s call them ‘good bacteria’. These bacterias are common on the skin and act as commensals that cause no harm to the skin or the body. However, thanks to the immunity tower which goes down due to infections/anxiety/environmental changes, your pet’s bacterias decide to go haywire like the Trojan horse, and that is when your pet ends up with a dermal infection. The same goes for fungal organisms. These organisms attack only when there’s a breach in the skin security due to any reasons or worst, low immunity. More often than not, bacterial infection and fungal infection go hand in hand. There’s often the occurrence of mixed infections that triggers itching, scratching and constant irritation to your pet. A small nidus of infection can act as a pivot around which the entire pathology of skin infections may revolve..

So, What Next?

✓Observe.Yes, observe your pets’ face folds.

✓ Ensure that you clean the folds often.

✓ If you’re giving your pet a bath ensure that you’re drying off their skin properly especially their skin folds.

✓ In case you’re wondering what are the signs and symptoms, here is a short list of signs that you should watch out for

– Constant itching of their face/ ear/neck region

Scratching maybe observed more often than not in these regions :

1. Ear Pinna

2. Armpit area (front legs)

3. Ventral Abdomen.

4. They try to bite their back or chest area

5. Groin area

6. Thighs and legs

7. Elbow or Carpal joints

8. Paws

– Fur loss and dull coat:

Due to infection and itching there may be focal fur loss in that particular area. In case the condition has aggravated, you may notice fur loss on a large scale. The coat should usually be glossy, smooth and soft to the touch. For any infections and dermal conditions, this soft, smooth coat ends up being rough, dry and inconsistent.

– Redness of the skin : How much red is too red?

Due to infection, the normal pink-ish hue of the skin is lost and is replaced with red – deep red colour in the focal region. This occurs due to inflammatory reactions which could be either due to infectious agents or due to wounds (external wounds or due to ecto-parasites like ticks and fleas)

– The terror of smell

Sometimes, the skin which is affected by infection, will start to smell.

Reason? Bacterial and Fungal overgrowth and infection. Normally, these organisms are commensals on the skin, however due to low immunity or secondary infections, there is a breech causing damage to the skin and bad smelling odour starts emanating from the skin.

How To Figure It Out: Diagnostic Testing & Treatment.

Diagnosis is the main key to treatment success. Skin infections are quite tedious to manage and tackle. However, with the apt and correct diagnosis, the further process of treating them becomes extremely easy.

Step #1: Scrap It Out!

Skin scraping is an essential tool that helps your Vet to establish a firm diagnosis at the earliest. Some parasites burrow themselves under the skin, such as – mites and this diagnostic tool is the golden key to establishing perfect diagnosis at the earliest. Your Vet will then observe under a microscope and then give your pet the specifically required medicine against the same.

Step #2: Ruling In And Ruling Out

Itching, and redness are quite generalised signs as they could find their roots in different things such as food allergies, infections, autoimmunity, parasites, etc. It becomes easier once the root cause has been established.

Some dogs are allergic to wheat gluten while some develop FAD or flea allergy Dermatitis- is a type of Dermatitis caused by a flea. Really, the world of skin infections is vast. But careful and quick diagnosis helps to treat dermatological cases in a better way.


The treatment of Dermatitis usually takes a few weeks to a few months depending upon the severity of the condition. The smaller or local lesion will take a few weeks or even days for complete recovery whereas certain generalised lesions will take a lot more time! Patience is the key.

1. Baths & More: Medicated baths and shampoos

Certain medicinal shampoos containing Benzyl Benzoate or Ketoconazole etc. are effective against various infectious organisms. There are certain lotions too that act against bacteria, and fungi mixed infections. These drugs in the shampoo act on the skin surface and work effectively against the microorganisms causing the skin disorder.

2. Oral medications

Certain corticosteroid drugs along with antibiotics, and anti-parasiticidal drugs are a standard choice for treating skin conditions. Along with the conventional route of medication, the homeopathic remedy- DERMISULE for pets is the choice of medicine for dogs suffering from different skin conditions like eczema, allergies, rashes, lesions with hair loss, redness, dry, scaly, pus, or bloody discharge. Specific or general lesions or spots as in Mange disease can also be improved.

Dermatitis is quite a challenging condition that causes havoc in the lives of pets, but it’s easily manageable if caught early on. Do not delay if your pet shows symptoms of excessive itching or fur loss or redness. It’s easily treatable with conventional medicines, lotions and creams along with the homeopathic remedy DERMISULE, which manages skin conditions very effectively and efficiently. Quick action is necessary for quickly treating skin infections and allergies. Dermisule is effective in the apt management of skin conditions. Its important to note that skin diseases and disorders can quickly spread throughout the body. With patience and vigilance, you as a pet owner can manage this disease with ease. Pugs are prone to Dermatitis owing to the folds and rolls, ensure you keep an eye out for any of the signs and symptoms displayed by your furry friend. Ensure that you clean the folds often with cloth and pay a visit to your vet next time your puggy friend itches or scratches to ensure that the skin condition is diagnosed at the earliest and treated with apt treatment at the earliest.


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